search:
You are a Guest | Sign In Register as: Student Plus Student
Add to Scribble Pad

EFFECTS OF HIV/AIDS IN ADOLESCENCE

jkaboagye
WHAT ARE SOME OF THE EFFECTS OF HIV/AIDS IN ADOLESCNCE?

Adolescents are one of the most invisible populations affected by HIV disease in the U.S.

The difficulty categorizing adolescents

The lack of access of many teenagers to medical services

The young people most likely to become HIV-infected are often those who are the most disenfranchised are but a few reasons.

As many as 25% of the estimated 40,000 new HIV infections in the U.S. each year occur in 13- to 21-year-olds. Current estimates are that as many as 50% of infections worldwide occur in those between the ages of 15 and 24. At least one teenager in the U.S. is infected with HIV each hour.

Youth of color, young gay and bisexual males, and homeless or runaway youth are at increased risk of acquiring HIV. Recent years also have brought a dramatic increase in HIV among young women, particularly young women of color. Between 1988 and 1993, HIV is estimated to have increased 36% among women 18 to 22. Among black women 18 to 27, the increase is estimated to be 60% for the same time period.

Many adolescents with HIV are unaware of their infection because they have not been tested for it.

Many who do test positive do not follow up for medical care due to lack of money, insurance, or access to appropriate care, or because of denial or mistrust of the medical system.

Adolescents frequently lack resources to pay for their own medical care most notably insurance, which severely limits their access to many types of care. Uninsured adolescents in some areas are left with the option of public clinics -- not always youth-friendly environments in the best of circumstances -- and in other areas may have no access to any health services. In some places, adolescents may be unable by law to consent to medical services on their own.

Many HIV-positive adolescents experience denial about their HIV disease, sometimes as a coping mechanism.

 Overwhelmed with the demands of school, work, chaotic home lives, depression, substance use, or homelessness, young people may decide that they cannot focus on their HIV disease until some point in the future (e.g., when school is over, or after they move away from home, or after they find a home).

Adolescents typically are inexperienced and unfamiliar with the medical system, and often have difficulty navigating the complex systems of care associated with HIV.

In addition to a lack of skills, a significant fear and a mistrust of the medical system prevent many adolescents from seeking care.

Another, increasingly large group of adolescents living with HIV is composed of children who were perinatally infected; as more and more of these children enter adolescence, a host of new concerns present themselves, including adherence and treatment decision-making, which involve unique issues for children who have already been on life-long HIV-suppressive therapy and are now becoming more directly and authoritatively involved in their own care.

 
The main reasons for not starting therapy included stable health and/or lab work, an unstable living situation, a lack of support, heavy drug use, a fatalistic attitude toward death, mental health issues, a lack of readiness, and simple refusal.


Clearly, once the decision has been made by both the HIV-positive adolescent and the provider to begin therapy, selection of a regimen that will fit as seamlessly as possible into the adolescent's life is of critical importance. Simplicity is key for younger persons; in general, twice-daily regimens are likely to work best.


hope this helps! x

Add to Scribble Pad

plz help

samk
Could someone plz help me on CVB (care value base) or plz tell me a website where i can find some info bout this plzzz

In nursing theory, a care value base is an ethical code which governs how carers ought to act in certain situations, to be certain that they are not discriminating, being unkind, or providing poor care for their patients.

The care value base covers five main areas:

Promoting anti-discriminatory practice: Carers have a duty to promote anti discriminatory practice in their professional lives.
Maintaining confidentiality: Clients must know they can trust their carers. Clients may be put at risk and their self esteem may be lowered. Confidential information is shared with others, and there are legal requirements to keep personal records confidential.
Promoting and supporting individuals' rights
Acknowledging individuals' personal beliefs and identities
Promoting effective communication

[edit] Importance of a care value base
The care value base forms part of a code of conduct, or a professional code of ethics, for anyone working in a caring profession.

The care value base is important because towns and cities are becoming more multicultural and ethnically diverse, and there are more people with physical disabilities or learning disabilities in the community. Also, many laws now prohibit discrimination on the grounds of race, religion, gender, sexual orientation, age, disability, or anything else.

Any violation of the care value base or code of conduct may result in dismissals, lawsuits, and, in a case of an entire institution acting unethically, enforced closure. The care value base also helps the clients promote their rights by outlining what they expect from health care services.

References
http://ecs.lewisham.gov.uk/intict/vol4/resources/act29/Care%20value%20base.doc

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Care_value_base

http://www.educationforum.co.uk/Health/CVB.htm

Good luck!


Add to Scribble Pad

human needs

unique girl
what are the physical, emotional and social needs of humans. What is the link between this needs.

physical:

  • shelter
  • exercise
  • protection from harm

Emotional

  • family support
  • friends
  • family
  • someone to support you

Socail

  • friends
  • peers/ teachers

hope this could help you

Add to Scribble Pad

food

lc_6534
Why should we enjoy our food ?

From an evolutionary standpoint, it was essential for man to enjoy the processes essential to maintaining health. If we didn't enjoy eating then we are less likely to do it, and therefore may suffer from malnutrition and eventually starvation. The feeling of satisfaction enjoyed after consuming a meal is pleasurable and as human beings we associate the action of eating with this pleasant sensation. If cavemen didn't enjoy eating then they wouldn't do it and we wouldn't be here today!

 

Hope this helps!

Add to Scribble Pad

Health and Social care websites PLEASE!!

claudiamoura

I have been looking all over the internet and still haven't found any useful websites to revise for Health and Social Care.

I really need help please as soon as possible.

hi try these:

http://www.dh.gov.uk/PolicyAndGuidance/HealthAndSocialCareTopics/fs/en

www.edexcel-international.org/ quals/gcse-voc/ri/websites/ - 42k -

www.ocr.org.uk/.../Data/Publication/ Specimen%20Assessment%20Materials/cquartetOCRTempFilewDI8Dn94RM.pdf -

www.heinemann.co.uk/hotlinks/ book.aspx?subjectid=668&id=1237 - 6k -

www.schoolsnetwork.org.uk/Article.aspa?PageId=216767 - 44k -

hope it helps................

Add to Scribble Pad

The models and concepts of health

biolaakinyooye

Can anyone help me out plz? i was asked to show a basic understanding of the concepts and models of health and well being from two different perspectives, including the effects of ill health and how they relate to service users, including the implications of government initiative.or if anyone know any websites that relate to this question. 

                                                                                           Thanks

well assuming that u are talking about personal and physical health...acyually it would help me more if u paraphrase ur quetion into ur own words and say the meaning...maybe then i will giv u something!!!
Add to Scribble Pad

Homeostasis

beckaboo
How do homeostatic mechanisms integrate during exercise to keep body systems at a constant level. particularly focusing on mechanisms for breathing rate, heart rate and blood pressure.
during exercise, the metabolism is increase (concentration of CO2 in the human body is increases) and the lungs are signalled to increase their activity and expel more CO2 (breathing rate is increase). oxygen-depleted blood from the body enters heart. it makes heart rate and blood pressure also increase.

Health and Social Care Questions

Add to Scribble Pad

mont blanc lyijytäytekynä täyttö

Contributors:

Difficulty: Easy | Reward: 2 SZPoints

Status: Unanswered | Comments: 0

Add to Scribble Pad

Cheap Omega Specialities Museum 516.53.3

Contributors:

Difficulty: Average | Reward: 3 SZPoints

Status: Unanswered | Comments: 0

Add to Scribble Pad

gucci

Contributors:

Difficulty: Average | Reward: 3 SZPoints

Status: Unanswered | Comments: 0

Add to Scribble Pad

Tiffany & Co Elsa Peretti Teardrop Brace

Contributors:

Difficulty: Easy | Reward: 2 SZPoints

Status: Unanswered | Comments: 0

Add to Scribble Pad

omega

Contributors:

Difficulty: Average | Reward: 3 SZPoints

Status: Unanswered | Comments: 0

Add to Scribble Pad

especialidades Omega

Contributors:

Difficulty: Easy | Reward: 2 SZPoints

Status: Unanswered | Comments: 0

Add to Scribble Pad

Links Of London Bracelets Free Shipping,

Contributors:

Difficulty: Average | Reward: 3 SZPoints

Status: Unanswered | Comments: 0

Add to Scribble Pad

Knock Off kopi klokker, klokker høy kva

Contributors:

Difficulty: Very Hard | Reward: 12 SZPoints

Status: Unanswered | Comments: 0