what is meant by social policy?(2)
Ans. 1(a) Social policy refers to actions or objectives adopted by the government directed towards maintaining a certain condition of living conducive to human welfare. They are also policies adopted to counter social problems. For example, state pensions are arrangements to provide people with a certain amount of income once they have retired, become disabled or no longer earn income through employment.
describe 2 social problems in your society. (4)
Ans. 1(b) Social problems, as mentioned above, are problems, which directly or indirectly affect many members of the society. Child labor is very prevalent in Pakistan. Due to financial constrains many children are forced to earn a living for themselves and their families particularly in the carpet industry. Child labor does not only limits horizons with a consequent decline in literacy as children work at the expense of education. Another social problem faced by Pakistan is population growth. Many people consider large families as a blessing. This in turn increases the burden on government resources.
explain how some groups may benefit from having the power to define wat is considered a social problem.(8)
Ans. 1(c) Sociologists have argued that with the increased knowledge gained by undertaking sociological research certain groups may be in a better position to manipulate their subjects. For example, politicians can manipulate or appease their supporters. As business personnel have worked their way to achieve their status, in a meritocratic society they would be regarded as the respectable stratum of society and are therefore in a position to define what is considered a social problem. They can then respond to public wishes and remain popular in the market.
( i didnt understand this q clearly)
Q. d assess the view that sociological research should be used as a basis for solutions to social problems. (11)
Can u tell me how the first 3 answers are?and i need help with the last 2 questions?thanks Alot :)