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Salts created with these chemicals

Year11 2007
Name 5 different salts that can be prepared using ONLY the substances dilute sulphuric acid, dilute ethethanoic acid, aqueous ammonia and potassium hydroxide   
Ammonium Sulphate, potassium sulphate, ammonium ethanoate, potassium ethanoate, also the addition of a strong acid like sulphuric to ethanoic acid leads to the formation of ethanoate negative ions which are inorganic hard salts.
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wastewater treatment

princessxxcinderella
does anyone know where i can find a flowchart for how we treat waste water? Failing that, can you simply tell me in ur own words?
Generally speaking , the water treatment process starts with the removal of gravel and large rocks , this usually is done using layers of sieves , each layer has sieves of different hole sizes . Next , barium and aluminum compounds are added to make other unremoved stuff settle down with these sticky compunds which are then removed physically with no difficulty . Last but not least , the chloride ions are added to water in the form of hydrochloric acid and hypochloric acid . This induces the release of nacent or atomic oxygen which kills most of the bacteria.
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Chem hwk!

pris_patel

i need to know the answer to this!

1. Write the symbol equation for photosynthesis and respiration. Also write which is endothermic and exothermic.

thanks!

6H2O + 6CO2 ----------> C6H12O6+ 6O2  photosynthesis

C6H12O6 + 6O2 = 6CO2 + 6H2O + Energy  Respiration

Photosynthesis is an example of an endothermic chemical reaction.
In this process, plants use the energy from the sun to convert carbon dioxide and water into glucose and oxygen. This reaction requires 15MJ of energy (sunlight) for every kilogram of glucose that is produced.

Exothermic reactions are reactions that give out heat energy.

Respiration is an exothermic reaction. Aerobic respiration is the breakdown of food, using oxygen, to release energy.

Hope this helps.

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Rates of reaction

p91

For my GCSE chemistry coursework I have to investigate the effects temperature has on rate of reaction. We have to warm sodium thiosulphate up in a test tube at different temeperatures and then measure the temperature when it is mixed with hychloric acid.  Could you please help me with the method and could you also explain the Arrhenius Equation and  the 10oc rule. Thanks.

Puja, Birmingham

 

 

 

Oh heres another one and it seems in much much more detail. hope it helps again love Z

http://www.freestudentstuff.co.uk/GCSE_Chemistry_-_Sodium_Thiosulphate_Coursework.htm

follow the link again

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What's the difference...

MelodicMinor
What's the difference by definition between a molecule and a particle please?

Thanks
A molecule is when two or more atoms combine to give a single product. Particles are really small. Atoms are one kind of particles.
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School SC1 Help!

asad12
I am currently doing a science investigation on the reaction with sodium thiosulphate and hydrochloric acid. i have been told to do a plan. However, i am unsure on a few things such as whether the relationship will be linear etc. i am only allowed to change the sodium thiosulphate by adding water. The amount of Hcl acid must stay the same
i would appreciate any help
Thanks
Asad Ahmed

hey try the studyzone search engine, theres loads of stuff to help u out:

http://www.studyzones.com/searchzone/questionsearch.cfm?search=sodium%20thiosulphate

Dave : )

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iron

simplycomplex

Which form of iron is more stable?

Fe2+ or Fe3+  ?

Fe3+ will be more stable because, Fe has an electronic subshell structure of 3D6 and 4S2. When it loses two electrons to form 2+ the electrons are first lost from the 4S subshell. When it loses 3 electrons the electronic configuration becomes 3D5 4S0. All you need to know is that a complete or half filled D subshell gives stability. Since 3+ form of Iron will give that stability Fe3+ is more stable.

Just as side knowledge D subshells can take 10 electrons. A half or completely filled D subshell gives stability

 

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substances that conduct

simplycomplex
Just out of interest, why doesn't distilled water conduct current and what makes tap water capable of conducting current?

" such as the erroneous belief that water conducts electricity, which it doesn't. It's the impurities in the water that conduct electricity. Since Distilled Water is Pure Sterile Water with nothing else present, it does not conduct electricity. "

" Yes, and this is correllated to the ability of hard water to conduct electricity. Distilled Water will not conduct electricity(even when 2 parts per million inorganic minerals or less are present). Water with 5 parts inorganic content per million parts water(or more) will conduct electricity, completing a simple circuit and lighting a tester bulb. The higher the inorganic content is in a per million count, the less effectively water transmits organic minerals to tissue sites. Bottled water, tapwater, reverse-osmosis filtered water, and carbon-block filtered water(when tested) will conduct electricity, substantiating that these are not the best carriers for mineral-transport and mineral-absorption(Muehling 1994). Tapwater in the USA has been shown to contain 19 "inorganic metals of concern"(1994 Safe Water Drinking Act), for which maximum contaminant levels have been set.(Tone 1994) Most American tapwater tested falls between the ranges of 350 parts per million to over 1000 parts per million total contaminants.(Colgan 1993) "


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science double award help!!!!

chews
for the written exam papers do i have to revise everything that i done in year 10 or just in yr 11?
everything u have done for ur gcses.
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ions and moles

cool_star57

Hi, I know this is a bit of a problem considering I take my chemistry mock next week but what is an ion? and an iomer? and also how do I work out moles?

Hey!

Ions:

An ion is a species with a charge, either do to the gain or loss of electrons. Examples include Na+ (loss of an electron) Cl- (gain of an electron) and   Mg 2+ (loss of two electrons)

Isomers:

You probably mistaked ''iomer'' for an ''isomer'' . An isomer is a molecule with a same molecular formula but different structural formula. For example alkenes: but-1 ene and but-2-ene both have the molecular formula of C4H8 (4 carbons and 8 hydrogens). However, when it comes to writing their structural formula, but-1-ene is written as CH3CH2CH=CH2, and but-2-ene as CH3CH=CHCH3. Notice the number (i.e. but-1-ene) just shows the position of the double bond in alkenes.

Moles:

In order to work out the number of moles - you need to know 3 equations:    

1) Number of moles = Mass/Molar mass

2) Number of moles = Concentration x volume.

3) (gaseous moles)  = Volume of gas (in dm3)/ 24                                         

Note: Equation 3 only applies to a gas!

An example of each:

Using equation 1:

How many moles are there in 0.8g of copper ii oxide?

Ans: Work out the molar mass of copper ii oxide using a periodic table.            Cu = 64, O = 16

So molar mass = 80.

Now just plug numbers in the equation:

Number of moles = Mass/Molar mass = 0.8/80 = 0.01moles

Using equation 2:

How many moles of sodium chloride are there in 200cm3 of 2 M solution:

Ans: The equation we are using is Number of moles = Concentration x volume. But first, we need to convert the volume from cm3 into dm3. Do this by dividing it by 1000. So 200cm3 in dm3 = 200/1000 = 0.2 dm3

Now just plug the numbers into the equation:

Number of moles = Concentration x volume = 2 x 0.2 = 0.4 moles

Note that the concentration is expressed in 'M' or 'mol dm-3'. Both mean the same thing.

Using equation 3:

How many moles of hydrogen molecules are there  in 48cm3 of the gas.

Ans: The equation we use is: number of moles = Volume of gas (in dm3)/ 24                                

We have the volume of gas, which is 48cm3. This needs to be converted into dm3. Just as above, 48cm3 into dm3 = 48/1000 = 0.048 dm3.

Now just plug the numbers into the equation:

number of moles = Volume of gas (in dm3)/ 24  = 0.048/24 = 0.002 moles.

Notice we can use all three equations to work out the number of moles of one substance, when we have the concentration of another.

Hope this helps. Best regards.

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